Open Access Subscription or Fee AccessTotal views : 201
Carbon Sequestration and above Ground Biomass Produced by Bambusa spp. in the Mid Himalayan Region of Uttarakhand, India
Himalayas are world's longest and highest mountain and highly rich in biodiversity. In Uttarakhand state of India, very large area is mountain region and are under great pressure due to human intervention and climate change. For removal of CO2 from the environment, bamboos are efficient biological machines. A study on above ground biomass accumulation and carbon sequestration potential of Bambusa spp was conducted in the mid Himalayan region. Regression study was conducted for the estimation of above ground biomass of Bambusa balcooa, B. nutans and B. tulda. The regression model of above ground biomass on dry weight basis was influenced by all the factors (culm height, girth at 1.0m and 1.5m) in B. balcooa (R2 =87), B. nutans (R2 =99) and B. tulda (R2 =99). Maximum above ground biomass was reported in B. balcooa (53 t ha-1) followed by B. nutans (19.8 t ha-1) and B. tulda (4.9 t ha-1) after four years of plantation in the mid Himalayan region. Carbon sequestration potential of B. balcooa was estimated more than ten times and B. nutans four times as compared to B. tulda. Leaf area index can also be used as an important parameter for the estimation of carbon sequestration of Bambusa spp.
Bambusa balcooa, Bambusa nutans, Bambusa tulda, Carbon Sequestration, LAI, Above Ground Biomass.
- Agarwal A. and Purwar J.P. (2009). Evaluation of above ground biomass produced by Dendrocalamus asper in North Western Himalayan region of India. In: Proceedings of VIII World Bamboo Congress, 4, 91-96.
- Agarwal A. and Purwar J.P. (2012). Biomass production and carbon sequestration potential of various bamboo species in the Mid Himalayan region of India. In: Proceedings of IX World Bamboo Congress, 142-147.
- Agarwal A., Purwar J.P., Panwar V. and Kumar R. (2014). Comparative study on leaf area index and growth parameters of micro propagated and traditional produced seed tubers of potato cultivars Kufri Himalini and Kufri Girdhari. Vegetos, 27 (2):213-218.
- Agarwal A. (2014). Bamboo: An alternative resource in sustaining the Himalayan ecosystem. In: Environmental and Biodiversity (N. Gupta and D. K. Gupta eds.). Narendra Publishing House, Delhi, India. 73-85.
- Agarwal, A. and Purwar, J.P. (2015). Altitudinal variation in carbon sequestration potential of micropropagated Dendrocalamus asper in mid Himalayan region of India. In: Proceedings of X World Bamboo Congress held at Damyang, South Korea from 17-22 Sept, 2015. http://www.worldbamboo.net/wbcx/Sessions/Theme%20Ecology%20Environmental %20Concerns/Agarwal,%20Anjuli%20%20J%20P%20Purwar%20.pdf
- Agarwal A. and Purwar J.P. (2016). Growth pattern of Bambusa spp. and carbon estimation of micropropagated dendrocalamus asper (schult.) Backer in the mid Himalayan region. J. Env. Bio-sci., 30(1): 9-12.
- Anon. (2005). Field guide the bamboo bookVol II. National Mission on Bamboo Applications, New Delhi. 70p.
- Chen X., Zhang X., Zhang Y., Booth T. and He X. (2009). Changes of carbon stocks in bamboo stands in china during 100 years. For. Ecol. and Manage., 258:1489-1496.
- Choudhury H., Kalita P., Das R., Goswami R.K., Saikia L. and Medhi T. (2015). Carbon sequestration potential of mokal bamboo (Bambusa nutans). Crop Res., 50: 117-120.
- Das M. and Pal A. (2005). Clonal propagation and production of genetically uniform regenerants from axillary meristems of adult bamboo. J. Plant Biochem. & Biotech., 14: 185-188.
- Gratani L., Crescente M.F., Varone L., Fabrini G. and Digiulio E. (2008). Growth pattern and photosynthetic activity of different bamboo species growing in the Botanical garden of Rome. Flora, 203: 77-84.
- Isagi Y., Kawahara T., Kamo K. and Ito H. (1997). Net production and carbon cycling in a bamboo Phyllostachys pucescens Stand. Plant Ecol., 130:41-52.
- Kumar B.M., Rajesh G. and Sudheesh K.G. (2005). Aboveground biomass production and nutrient uptake of thorny bamboo [Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss] in the homegardens of Thrissur, Kerala. J. Tropical Agric., 43(1-2): 51-56.
- Lu C.M. (2001). Cultivation and management of bamboo forests. Forestry Research Institute Extension Series No. 135, Taiwan, 204 p.
- Nath A.J. and Das A.K. (2011). Carbon storage and sequestration in bamboo-based smallholder homegardens of Barak Valley, Assam. Curr. Sci.,100(2): 229-233.
- Nath A.J., Das G. and Das A.K. (2008). Above ground standing biomass, production and carbon sequestration in farmer managed village bamboo grove in Assam, North East India. Bamboo Science and Culture: J. American Bamboo society, 21(1): 32-40.
- Nath A.J., Das G. and Das A.K. (2009). Above ground standing biomass and carbon storage in village bamboos in North East India. Biomass Bio-energy, 33:1188-1196.
- Riano N.M., Londono X., Lopez Y. and Gomez J.H. (2002). Plant growth and biomass distribution on Guadua angustifolia Kunth in relation to ageing in the Valle del Cauca – Colombia. Bamboo Science and Culture: J. American Bamboo Society, 16 (1): 43-51.
- Saxena K.G., Rao K.S., Sen K.K., Maikhuri R.K. and Semwal R.L. (2001). Integrated natural resource management : approaches and lessons from the Himalaya. Conservation Ecology, 5(2): 14.
- Scurlock J.M.O., Dayton D.C. and Hames B. (2000). Bamboo: an overlooked biomass resource? Biomass and Bio-energy, 19 (4): 229-244.
- Shalini A., Meena R.K.S., Tarafdar S. and Thakur S. (2013). Evaluation of genetic diversity in bamboo through DNA marker and study of association with morphological traits. Bull. Env, Pharmacol. Life Sci., 2(8):78-83.
- Shanmughavel P., Peddappaiah R.S. and Muthukumar T. (2001). Biomass production in an age series of Bambusa bambos plantations. Biomass Bio-energy, 20:113-117.
- Sharma Y.M.L. (1987). Inventory and resource of bamboo, In: Recent research on bamboos, (A.N. Rao, G. Danarajan and C.B. Sastry eds), Chinese Academy of Forestry and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 14-27.
- Singh V.,Tewari A., Ram J. and Singh C. (2009). Aspect related changes in biomass stocks and carbon sequestration rates of Shorea robusta (Sal) forest of Central Himalaya. Report and Opinion, 1 (2), 56-60.
- Snedecor G.W. and Cochran D.S. (1968). Statistical Methods. 6th Edn. Asia Publ. House, Bombay.
- Yen T.M. (2016). Culmheight development, biomass accumulation and carbon storage in an initial growth stage for a fast- growingmoso bamboo (Phyllostachy pubescens). Botanical studies, http://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40529-016-0126-x
- There are currently no refbacks.