Open Access Subscription or Fee AccessTotal views : 158
Ecological Analysis of Mohan Medicinal Plant Conservation Area (MPCA) in Uttarakhand, India
Tropical forests are the home of large biodiversity and important source for medicinal plants but are susceptible to human and natural disturbances. Its health status monitoring and assessment is important for any conservation measures. This study was done for assessing the biodiversity of the moist deciduous forest in Uttarakhand which had forest fire. The quadrat method based approach was used for ecological analysis. The various analysis methods namely physico-chemical soil analysis, tree and shrub phyto-sociological parameter analysis, and biodiversity indices (namely Shannon-Weaver Index, Simpson index, Species Evenness and Species Richness) were used. The soil quality and ecological indices were compared with data from other Indian Moist deciduous forest, which was collected using the systematic review approach. The results showed better soil nitrogen and organic carbon content as compared to other forest soil indicating faster regeneration potential of the forest. In Mohan MPCA, shrub biodiversity was better as compared to the tree biodiversity. Further, the tree biodiversity indices of Mohan MPCA were relatively poorer and shrub biodiversity indices were relatively better than other Indian moist deciduous forest. The study indicated the relatively poor ecological health of the forest as compared to the other moist deciduous forest. However, existence of good soil fertility and special conservation measures can help in rapidly improving the health of the forest.
Mohan MPCA, Medicinal Plant Conservation Area, India Deciduous Forest, Uttarakhand.
- Bawa K. Rose J. and Ganeshaiah K.N. (2002). Assessing biodiversity from space: an example from the Western Ghats, India. Conservation Ecology, 6:7
- Behera M.D. and Roy P.S. (2010). Assessment and validation of biological richness at landscape level in part of the Himalayas and Indo-Burma hotspots using Geospatial modeling approach. J. Indian Soc Remote Sens, 38:415–429.
- Black C.A. (1965). Methods of Soil Analysis: Part I Physical and mineralogical properties. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin
- Bonan G.B. (2008). Forests and climate change: forcings, feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests. Science, 320:1444–1449.
- Ceccon E. Sánchez S. and Campo J. (2004). Tree seedling dynamics in two abandoned tropical dry forests of differing successional status in Yucatán, Mexico: a field experiment with N and P fertilization. Plant Ecol., 170:277–285.
- Chaturvedi R.K. Raghubanshi A.S. and Singh J.S. (2012). Effect of grazing and harvesting on diversity, recruitment and carbon accumulation of juvenile trees in tropical dry forests. For. Ecol.Manage., 284:152–162.
- Condit R. Hubbell S.P. and Foster R.B. (1996). Changes in tree species abundance in a neo tropical forest: impact of climate change. J. Trop. Ecol., 12:231–256.
- Cropper A. (1993). Convention on biological diversity. Environ. Conserv., 20:364–364.
- Department of Enivornment, Forests and Wildlife (1988). National Forest Policy, 1988. Ministry of Environment and Forests, New Delhi.
- Es A., Menon A.R.R. and Sasidharan N. (2013). Ecological analysis of abandoned forest plantations of Kannavam in Kerala, India. Asia Pacific J. Envir. Eco.and Sustainable Development, 25:22–25.
- Jackson M.L. (1958). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs.
- Jain R. and Rao B. (2015). Critical analysis of India's national mission on medicinal plants (NMMP) in providing access to quality botanical drugs to improve public health. J.Ayurveda Integr.Med., 6:198–206.
- Joseph S. Anitha K. and Srivastava V.K. (2012). Rainfall and elevation influence the local-scale distribution of tree community in the southern region of Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot (India). Int. J. For.Res., 2012:1–10.
- Kale M.P. and Roy P.S. (2012). Net primary productivity estimation and its relationship with tree diversity for tropical dry deciduous forests of central India. Biodivers. Conserv., 21:1199–1214.
- Khurana E. and Singh J.S. (2001). Ecology of seed and seedling growth for conservation and restoration of tropical dry forest: a review. Environ. Conserv., 28:39–52.
- Kraft N.J.B. Valencia R. and Ackerly D.D. (2008). Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an Amazonian Forest. Science, 24:580–582.
- Majumdar K. Shankar U. and Datta B.K. (2012). Tree species diversity and stand structure along major community types in lowland primary and secondary moist deciduous forests in Tripura, Northeast India. J. For.Res., 23:553–568.
- Margalef D.R. (1958). Information theory in ecology. General Systems, 3:36-71.
- Mishra A.K. Bajpai O. and Sahu N. (2013). Study of plant regeneration potential in tropical moist deciduous forest in Northern India. Int. J. Environ., 2:153–163.
- Mishra A.K. Behera S.K. and Singh K. (2013). Effect of abiotic factors on understory community structures in moist deciduous forests of northern India. For. Sci. Pract., 15:261–273.
- Mishra R. (1968). Ecology Workbook. Oxford & IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi.
- Mishra R.K. Upadhyay V.P. and Nayak P.K. (2012). Composition and stand structure of Tropical moist deciduous forest of Similipal biosphere reserve, Orissa, India. In: Forest Ecosystems-more than just trees (Eds. Blanco, J.A. and Lo, Y.). Intech, Rijeka, pp 109–136.
- Murphy J. and Riley J.P. (1962). A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Anal. Chim. Acta., 27:31–36.
- Murthy M.S.R. Sudhakar S. and Jha C.S. (2007). Vegetation, land cover and phytodiversity characterisation at landscape level using satellite remote sensing and geographic information system in Eastern Ghats, India. EPTRI-ENVIS Newsletter, 13:2–12.
- National Medicinal Plants Board (2008). Centrally sponsored scheme of National Mission of Medicinal Plants: Operational guidelines. AYUSH, New Delhi.
- Pielou E.C. (1966). The measurement of diversity in different types of biological collections. J. Theor. Biol., 13:131-144.
- Rahman P.M. Varma R.V. and Sileshi G.W. (2011). Abundance and diversity of soil invertebrates in annual crops, agroforestry and forest ecosystems in the Nilgiri biosphere reserve of Western Ghats, India. Agrofor. Syst., 85:165–177.
- Rayment G.E. and Lyons D.J. (2011). Soil chemical methods - Australasia. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
- Sabine C.L. Heiman M. and Artaxo P. (2004). Current status and past trends of the global carbon cycle. In: The Global Carbon Cycle: Integrating Humans, Climate and the Natural World (Eds. Field, C.B. and Raupach, M.R.). Island Press, Washington DC, pp 17–44
- Shannon C.E. and Weaver W. (1949). The Mathematical theory of communication. University of Illinois Press, Illinois.
- Simpson E.H. (1949). Measurement of Diversity. Nature, 163:688.
- State Medicinal Plants Board Uttarakhand (2008). Mainstreaming Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants Diversity in Three Indian State. GOI and UNDP-GEF, Dehradun.
- Stork N.E. (2009). Re-assessing current extinction rates. Biodivers. Conserv., 19:357–371.
- Tilman D. (2000). Causes, consequences and ethics of biodiversity. Nature, 405:208–211.
- Townsend, A.R. Asner, G.P. and Cleveland, C.C. (2008). The biogeochemical heterogeneity of tropical forests. Trends Ecol. Evol., 23:424–431.
- Tripathy R.S. and Khan M.L. (2007). Regeneration dynamics of natural forest: A review. Proceeding Indian Nat. Sci. Acad., 73:167–195.
- UNESCO (1993). The Biosphere Conference 25 years later. Paris.
- Walkey A. (1947). A critical examination of a rapid method for determining organic carbon in soils-effect of variations in digestion conditions and of inorganic soil constituents. Soil Sci., 63:251–264.
- World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1992). Global Biodiversity: Status of earth's living resources. Chapman and Hall, London.
- There are currently no refbacks.