Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access
Total views : 307

Ethnobotanical Study of Fodder Plant Resources in District Mandi, Himachal Pradesh


  • Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India


The present study has been carried out in district Mandi (Himachal Pradesh) during 2012-2015. A total number of 78 angiosperm species belonging to 65 genera and 41 families were recorded as fodder. Poaceae was found to be the most dominating family followed by Moraceae, Fabaceae, Rosaceae, Salicaceae, etc. Among the all reported species, trees were the most commonly used (50%) followed by shrubs (21.79%), herbs (21.79%), lianas (5.12%) and climber (1.28 %). Wild plant species constitute the major proportion of fodder i.e. 88.46%. About 10.25% herbaceous species were cultivated followed by 1.28% both wild and cultivated species. Various plant parts like leaves with young twigs, leaves, leaves with shoots, aerial parts, seeds or sometimes even the whole plant is used as fodder. Out of 78 plant species, 12 species were exclusively used as fodder whereas the remaining 66 were also used for other purposes. The species which are not traditionally fodder, can be evaluated further for their nutritional value and chemical composition.


Angiosperms, Ethnobotany, Fodder, Livestock, Species.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 0)


  • Chhetri R.B. (2010). Some fodder yielding trees of Meghalaya, Northeast India. Indian J. Traditional Knowledge, 9(4):786-790.
  • Chowdhary H.J. and Wadhwa B.M. (1984). Flora of Himachal Pradesh. BSI, Calcutta, India, 1-3: 860
  • Dev I., Misra B. and Pathania M.S. (2006). Forage demand and supply in Western Himalaya: A balance sheet for Himachal Pradesh. Indian J. Animal Sciences, 76(9):720-726.
  • Dhaliwal D.S. and Sharma M. (1999). Flora of Kullu District. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India, 744 pp.
  • Gupta R.K., Gupta T., Kaushal P.S. and Pathania M.S. (1998). A study on the status of fodder balance in Himachal Pradesh. Oecologia Montana, 7(1and2): 39-42.
  • Kumar V., Sharma H.R. and Sharma R.K. (2004). Livestock economy of Himachal Pradesh growth patterns, ecological implications and state policy. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 17(1): 57-76.
  • Marshall J.K. (1972). Principles of soil erosion and its prevention. In: The use of trees and shrubs in the dry country of Australia (N. Hall, Ed.), Australian Government Public Service, Canberra, 90-107 pp.
  • Nautiyal S., Bhaskar K. and Khan Y.D.I. (2015). Biodiversity of Semiarid Landscape: Baseline study for understanding the impact of Human Development on Ecosystems. Springer, New York, London, 398 pp.
  • Pokhriyal T.C., Kumar A., Nautiyal S., Naithani H.B. and Mishra M. (1992). Fodder from forests. Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, Dehradun, 426 pp.
  • Purohit K. and Samant S.S. (1995). Fodder trees and shrubs of Central Himalaya. Gyanodaya Prakashan, Nainital, India, 116 pp.
  • Singh J.S., Singh S.P. and Ram J. (1998). Fodder and wood resources of Central Himalaya. Problems and Solutions. Report submitted for study group on fuel and fodder, Planning Commission, Government of India, New Delhi.
  • Singh R.V. (1982). Fodder trees of India. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 663 pp.
  • Wilcox D.G. (1979). The contribution of the shrub component in arid pastures to the production from sheep. In: Studies of the Australian arid zone (R.D. Graetz, Ed.) (IV), Chenopod Shrublands. CSIRO, Melbourne, 170-177 pp.


  • There are currently no refbacks.