Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access
Total views : 277

Carbon Sequestration and Fruit Production Potential of Aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) in Degraded Lands of Indian Sub-Himalayas

Affiliations

  • ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, 218, Kaulagarh Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Abstract


Production potential of aonla cultivars was evaluated during 1996-2010 on degraded wastelands for productivity and carbon sequestration at Indian Institute of Soil and Water conservation, Dehradun (Uttarakhand). Data revealed that Krishna cultivar was recorded maximum canopy volume(103.2 m3), followed by NA-7 (102.5 m3), Chakaiya, Kanchan, NA-10 and minimum with NA-6 (100.0 m3). Canopy volume was positively correlated with fruit yield of aonla recorded maximum fruit yield (18.5 t/ha) followed by Krishna (17.4 t/ha) and minimum with Chakaiya (16.1 t/ha) with significant differences. Carbon content in various components of aonla was analyzedand maximum was observed in stem (49.0%), roots (47.5%), branch (48.5%), twigs (47.3%), leaves (47.2%) and fruits (47.0%). Similarly, maximum carbon stock (23.8 and 23.5 Mg ha-1)and atmospheric carbon dioxide mitigation (87.2 and 86.3 Mg ha ) was recorded in Krishna and NA-7 cultivars of aonla with the minimum values of carbon stocks and carbon dioxide mitigation in case of NA-6 (19.6 and 71.8 Mg ha-1). SOC storage in soil depth (30 cm) after 15 years varied from 36.4 to 41.0 Mg ha-1 over initial value (20.3 Mg ha-1) among aonla cultivars.

Keywords

Aonla Cultivars, Biomass Stocks, Carbon Sequestration, Carbon Stock, Degraded Land, Fruit Yield, Growth Performance.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 2)

References


  • Black C.A. (1965). Methods of soil analysis, Vol. 1, Madison (WI): American Society of Agronomy.
  • Bolin B.B., Doos R., Jager J. and Warrick R. (1986). The greenhouse effect, climatic change and ecosystems. SCOPE 29. Wiley, Chichester, 93:155
  • Gomez K.A. and Gomez A.A. (1984). Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  • Doharey V.K., Rathore A.C., Jayaprakash J. and Singh C. (2011). Evaluation of Aonla cultivars (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) for agro-forestry system in North Western Himalayas. Indian Forester, 137(4): 447-452.
  • Dubey R. K., Rathore A.C., Dadhawal K.S. and Sharma N.K. (2015). Resource conservation and performance of aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) under varying tree density and in-situ live mulching in rainfed conditions of North West India. Indian J. Soil Conservation, 43(2): 175-181.
  • IPCC (2000). A special report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. In: Land use, land use change and forestry (Watson, R.T. Dokken, D. J. Eds.). WMO/UNEP, CUP, Cambridge, 25–51pp
  • IPCC (2006). Guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories. Agriculture, forestry and other land use. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Hayama, Japan, 4:11-15.
  • IPCC (2016). “Land use, land use change and forestry: a special report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change”. (Eds Watson, RT and Dokken, DJ.) 25–51. UK: WMO/UNEP, CUP. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University press.
  • Kanime N., Kaushal R., Tewari S.K., Raverkar K.P., Chaturvedi S. and Chaturvedi O.P. (2013). Biomass production and carbon sequestration in different tree based systems of Central Himalayan
  • Newaj R., Chavan S.B., Alam B. and Dhyani S.K. (2016). Biomass and carbon storage in trees grown under different agroforestry systems in semi arid region of central India. Indian Forester, 142(7): 642-648.
  • Phani Kumar G., Pal M., Murugan A., Murkute A. and Singh S. (2010). A carbon sequestration strategy involving temperate fruit crops in the trans-Himalayan region. J. Horticultural Science & Biotechnology., 85(5): 405-409.
  • Post W. M., Peng T.H., Emanuel W.R., King A.W., Dale V.H. and DeAngelis D.L. (1990). The Global Carbon Cycle. American Scientist, 78:310-326.
  • Raizada A., Jayaprakash J., Rathore A.C. and Tomar J.M.S. (2013). Distribution of fine root biomass of fruit and forest tree species raised on old river bed lands in the North West Himalaya. Trop. Ecol.,54(2):251–261.
  • Rajput M.S., Biswas P.P., Joshi P.P. and Srivastava K. C. (1989). Mango (Mangifera indica) based cereal-pulse intercropping system. Indian J. Agril. Sci., 59 (3):149-153.
  • Rathore A.C., Raizada A. and Jayaprakash J. (2008). Performance of Phalsa (Grewia subinequalis Lin.) under integrated nutrient and canopy management on saline soils of the Indo-gangetic plains. Ind. J. Soil Cons., 36(1):42-47.
  • Rathore A.C., Lal H., Jayaprakash J. and Chaturvedi O.P. (2011). Productivity evaluation of Aonla cultivars on degraded lands under rainfed condition of North West Himalaya. Ind. J. Soil Cons., 39(1): 63-66.
  • Rathore A.., Raizada, A., Jayaprakash J. and Sharda V.N. (2012). Impact of chilling injury on common fruit plants in the Doon Valley. Current Sci., 102(8):1107-1111.
  • Rathore A.C., Saroj P.L., Lal H., Sharma N.K., Jayaprakash J., Chaturvedi O.P., Raizada A., Tomar J.M.S. and Dogra P. (2013). Performance of mango based models under rainfed situation in North – Western Himalaya. Agroforestry Systems, 87: 1389-1404.
  • Rathore A.C., Lal H., Sharma N.K., Jayaprakash J., Mehta H. and Chaturvedi O.P. (2014). Livelihood security through Litchi (Litchi chinensis L.)based agri-horticultural models for resource-poor communities of Indian Sub-Himalaya. Current Sci., 106 (11): 1081-1484.
  • Rathore A.C., Kumar A., Tomar J.M.S., Jayaprakash, J., Mehta H., Kaushal R., Alam N.M., Gupta A.K., Raizada A. and Chaturvedi O.P. (2016). Predictive models for biomass and carbon stock estimation in Psidium guajava on bouldery riverbed lands in North-Western Himalayas, India. Agroforestry Systems, 92(1):1-12
  • Rathore A.C., Kadam D.M., Doharey V.K. and Umrao V.K. (2016). Evaluation of production potential of subtropical mango under degraded lands in foothills of Uttarakhand. HortFlora Research Spectrum, 5(4): 301-305.
  • Rathore A.C. and Singh J.N. (2013). Effect of graded levels of nitrogen on production of flower, oil and bulb of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L). Hort. Flora Research Spectrum, 2(1):60-63.
  • Rao V.K., Rathore A.C. and Singh H.K. (2009). Screening of Aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) cultivars for leaf chlorophyll and amino acid under different sodicity and salinity levels. Ind. J. Soil Cons., 37(3): 193-196.
  • Ravindranath N. H., Somasekhar B.S. and Gadgil M. (1997). Carbon flows in Indian forest. Climate Change, 35: 297–320.
  • Saroj P.L., Dubey K.C. and Tiwari R.K. (1994). Utilization of degraded lands for fruit production. Ind. J. Soil Cons., 22 (1&2): 162-176.
  • Singh H.K., Srivastava A.K. and Dwivedi R. (2001). Effect of pollinizers on fruit set and fruit quality of NA-7 Aonla (Emblica officinalis). Indian J. Agric. Sciences., 71: 65-66.
  • Takimoto A., Nair P.K. and Nair V.D. (2008). Carbon stock and sequestration potential of traditional and improved agroforestry systems in the West African Sahel. Agri. Ecosyst.Environ., 125: 159–166.
  • Verma A., Kaushal R., Alam N.M., Mehta H., Chaturvedi O.P., Mandal D., Tomar J.M.S., Rathore A.C. and Singh C. (2014). Predictive models for biomass and carbon stocks estimation in Grewia optiva on degraded lands in Western Himalaya. Agroforestry Systems, 88 (5): 895-905.
  • Verma M.L., Sharma R., Singh C. and Rathore A.C (2010). Influence of organic manuring on apple performance and soil properties in temperate zone of Himachal Pradesh. Indian J. Soil Conservation, 37 (3): 193-196.
  • Walkley A.J. and Black I.A. (1934). An examination of the Degtareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci., 37:29–38.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.