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Status, Distribution and Utilization of Oak (Quercus spp.) in Western Himalayan (Kashmir Valley)


  • Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura, Sopore, Jammu and Kashmir, India


The study was undertaken in the Faculty of Forestry of Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir during the years 2010-2011. Survey conducted to apprise the status of Oak trees in Kashmir valley revealed that only two species of Oak (Quercus) were found and identified as English Oak (Quercus robur L.) and Holm Oak (Quercus ilex L.). English oak was found dominant species of Oak in Kashmir valley while as Holm Oak was very rare. Highest concentration of English Oak trees were found in Central Kashmir followed by North and South Kashmir and Holm Oak was found only in Central Kashmir. Sufficiently old-aged English Oak trees were found in Kashmir valley. Both species of Oak were found growing on non-agricultural land such as gardens, parks, forests, roadsides, and also in the premises of educational institutions for shade and aesthetic purposes. Trees were not used as agroforestry species by the farmers of valley. It was found that English Oak trees provide food (acorns and tender branches) to wild animals like black bears, squirrels, porcupines, etc. and a number of birds, thus establishing its importance for wildlife for habitat improvement and in mitigating human-wildlife conflicts, particularly with black bear efficiently.


Western Himalaya, Quercus robur, Quercus ilex, Utilization and Distribution.

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