Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access
Total views : 22

Biodiversity and Updated Systematic Checklist of Leafhoppers, Treehoppers and Planthoppers (Auchenorrhyncha : Hemiptera) of Jammu & Kashmir, India

Affiliations

  • P.O.Box No. 1250, G.P.O., Residency Road, Srinagar, Kashmir (J&K), India

Abstract


The present paper deals with Auchenorrhyncha- fauna (Leafhoppers, treehoppers and planthoppers), covering 94 species, belonging to 63 genera, occurring in diverse areas and localities of Jammu and Kashmir regions of Indian sub-continent. These species pertain to Infra-order Cicadomorpha, Superfamily Membracoidea, family Cicadellidae, Membracidae and, Infra-order Fulgoromorpha, Superfamily Fulgoroidea, family Delphacidae and Derbidae. The Cicadellidae has been found to be dominant family, with 9 sub-families and 10 tribes, including 84 species under 57 genera. This family in dominance, is followed by Membracidae, with 7 spp. (3 genn.) and, Delphacidae and Derbidae, with 2 spp. (2 genn.) and 1 sp. (1 gen.) respectively. The taxa have been updated in the light of recent nomenclatural / systematic changes. About 18 species of host- plants, including agricultural crops and economically important plant species, belonging to 12 families, are damaged by 31 spp. of Auchenorrhyncha. An up-to-date systematic annotated checklist has been provided. In addition to this, faunal distribution and biodiversity, have briefly been discussed.

Keywords

Membracoidea, Fulgoroidea, Checklist, Biodiversity, Jammu and Kashmir.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 0)

References


  • AhmedM. (1969).Studiesof theZyginaFieber (Homoptera:Erythroneurini :Cicadellidae) intheWestPakistan.PakistanJ.Zool.,1(2):157-175.
  • Anon. (1997). Brief Report: Central Sericulture Research and Training Institute Pampore (Central Silk Board), Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India, Pampore, Kashmir (J and K).
  • Anthasubramanian,K.S. (1996).Faunaof Indiaandtheadjacent countries:Homoptera:Membracidae.ZoologicalSurveyof India,Kolkata,534pp.
  • Bhat A.A. (1987a). On vector of Phyllody disease in Kashmir. Sci. and Cult., 53:161-162.
  • Bhat M.R. (1987b). Distribution and host range of some insect pests in Kashmir. Geobios new Repts., 6: 176-178.
  • Bhat A.A. and Sheikh B.A. (1999). Leafhoppers associated with turnip (Brassica campestris var.rapa) in Kashmir valley. Pest Management and Economic. Zool., 7(1):85-86.
  • Badan P. (1986). Taxonomy and Bionomics of Treehoppers (Homoptera: Membracidae) Infesting Shisham: Dalbergia sissoo (Roxb.) in Jammu Forests. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Jammu, Jammu (J & K).
  • Bharti V. (2007). Ecobiology of Oxyrhachis Species (Homoptera: Membracidae): polyphagous pests of forest plants in Jammu Region. Ph.D. Thesis, JammuUniversity, Jammu (J & K).
  • Bharti V. and Sharma B. (2009). Comparative variations in the biology of Oxyrhachis tarandus Fbr. (Homoptera:Membracidae) on ornamental plants (Cassia fistula and C. glauca)when attended by different ant species, Camponotus compressus Fabricius, Crematogaster rogenhoferiMayr., PheidoleindicaMayr.andwithoutants.J.Env.Biol.Sci.,23(1):125-128.
  • Bourgoin T. (2015). FLOW (Fulgoromorpha List on the Web), A world knowledge dedicated to Fulgoromorpha version 8, http://hemipterdatabases.org /flow (accessed July 5, 2015).
  • Deitz L.L. and Dietrich C.H. (2008). Superfamily Membracoidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha) I. Introduction and revised classification, with new family group taxa. Systematic Entmol., 18 (4): 287-296.
  • DeitzL.L.andWallaceH (2011). Treehopper: Aetalionidae, Melizoderidae and Membracidae (Hemiptera). http://treehoppers.insectmuseum.org.
  • Dworakowska I. (1982). Typhlocybini of Asia. Ent. Abh. Mus. Tierk Dresden, 40 (6): 99-181.
  • DworakowskaI. (1993).SomeDikraneuri (Auchenorrhyncha:Cicadellidae:Typhlocybinae from Northeast Asia. Oriental Insects, 27(1):151-173.
  • Dworakowska I. (1997). A review of the genus Alebroides Mathsumura, with description of Shumka (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae). Oriental Insects, 31: 241-247.
  • Khan M.A., Dhar A., Zeya S.B. and Trag A.R. (2004). Pest and Diseases of Mulberry and their control. Bishen Singh and Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Khan M.A. and Nighat M. (1990). Some new records of Jassids associated with mulberry plant in Kashmir. Indian J. Sericulture, 29 (1) 149-150.
  • Liu Y., Fletcher M.I., Deitrich C.H. and Zhang Y.L. (2014). New species and records of Asymmetrasca (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae :Typhlocybinae : Empoascini ) from China and name changes in Empoasca (Matsumurasca). Zootaxa, 3768: 327-350.
  • Malhotra Y.R. and Sharma B. (1974).Ushamenona sub.gen. n., a new subgenus of Apheliona Kirkaldy, 1907 from India (Homoptera, Cicadellidae, Typhlocybinae). Bull. Polish Acad. Sci., Ser. Sci. Biol., 22 (4): 245 -248.
  • Malhotra Y.R. and Sharma B. (1977a). A new species of Litura from Jammu, India (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Oriental Insects, 11(1):27-29.
  • Malhotra Y.R. and Sharma B. (1977b).On some immature stages of Apheliona (Ushamenona) aryavartha (Ramakrishnan and Menon) and ecological notes. J. of Assam Science Society, 20:69-75.
  • Malhotra Y.R. and Sharma B. (1977c). Key to the identification of common leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) of Jammu Division of J & K State. Univ. Rev. of Jammu, 6 (10) and offprint publication, 19 pp.
  • MathurA.C.andSharmaJ.B. (1967).Recordof InsectPestsofmedicinalandaromaticplants inJammuandKashmir. IndianForester,93:663-671.
  • Metcalf Z.P. (1968).General Catalogue of Homoptera, Fascicle VI: Cicadelloidea, Part 17,Published by United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C,U.S.A.
  • Oman P.W., Knight W.J. and Nielson M.N. (1990). Leafhoppers (Cicadellidae). A Bibliography, Generic Checklist and Index to the world literature 1956-1985. CAB International, Institute of Entomology, Wallingford, U.K (IV+ 368 pp.).
  • Kumari P. (1992). Variation in ovi position, morphology and population of Oxyrhachis tarandus (Homoptera: Membracidae): mediated by different host plants. M. Phil dissertation University of Jammu, Jam mu.
  • Ramakrishnan U. and Menon M.G.R (1973). Studies on Indian Typhlocybinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) 4.Seven new genera, with fourteen new species of Erythroneurini. Oriental Insects, 7 (1): 15-48.
  • RaoP.K.andRamakrishnanU. (1978). Studies on Indian Cicadelloidea (Homoptera). Three new species of Agallia. Oriental Insects,12(2):235-42.
  • Sharma B. (1976). Leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) from Jammu Division of J andK State. Entomologist's Newsletter, 6 (11-12):62.
  • SharmaB.(1977). Anewspecies of genus Farynala Dworakowska from India.(Homoptera:Cicadellidae:Typhlocybinae). Entomon,2(2):241-242.
  • Sharma B. (1978). Elbelus tripunctatus Mahmood, a new record and description of new species of Agnesiella Dworakowska from India, along with some generic synonyms ( Homoptera : Cicadellida e : Typhlocybinae ). Ent. Rec. J. Variations, 90: 11-14.
  • Sharma B. (1984). On some Typhlocybinae from Kishtwar, Jammu and Kashmir, India, with descriptions of five new species. Reinchenbachia, 22 (3):31-40.
  • Sharma B. and Badan P. (1985). On genus Balclutha Kirkaldy (Homoptera : Cicadellidae from Jammu. Entomotaxonomia, 7(2): 149-156.
  • Sharma B. and Badan P. (1986). Two new species of genus Tricentrus Stal, infesting Dalbergia sissoo (Roxb) in Jammu (J and K, India), with a key to the Indian species of the genus (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Membracidae). Reichenbachia Mus. Tierk, Dresden, 23(2):165-175.
  • Sharma B. and Malhotra Y.R. (1981). Two new species of Agnesiella (Draberiella) (Homoptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) from Jammu and Kashmir, infesting. Alnus nitida. Entomon, 6 (1): 41-45.
  • Sharma B. and Sharma S. (2011). Seasonal abundance of Mango hopper, Amritodus atkinsoni (Leth.) (Jassidae: Homoptera)in different Environmental conditions of Jammu Region. J. Env. and Biosci., 25:81-83.
  • Sharma B., Tara J.S. and Bharti V. (2007). Variations in longevity of Oxyrhachis lefroyi (Homoptera: Membracidae) on host plant, Albizia lebbeck, when attended by ants, Camponotus campressus (Fabricius) and Pheidole indica (Mayr), In: Proc. of Intl. Cofr. on ants and th th other Social Hymenoptera, held at Department of Zoology, Punjabi University Patiala, from 10 to 13 Oct., 2007.
  • Sharma S. and Tara J.S. (2014). Biology of mango hopper, Idioscopus clypealis (Leth) in ammu region of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Indian J. Appl. Res., 4 (1): 27-29.
  • Sohi A.S. (1976). Indian Cotton Jassid, Amrasca biguttula biguttula (Ishida). Ent. Res. J. Var., 88: 236-237.
  • Sohi A.S. and Dworakowska I. (1983). A review of the Indian Typhlocybinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) from India. Oriental Insects, 17: 159-213.
  • Sohi A.S. and Mann J.S. (1992). Fourteen new species and some new records of Asian Erythronurini (Insecta: Auchenorryncha: Cicadellidae:Typhlocybina) Reichenbachia, 29 (22): 123-143.
  • Sohi A.S., Mann J.S. and Shenhmar M. (1987a). Eight new species of Typhlocybinae from India (Insecta, Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae). Reichenbachia, 25 (11): 37-45.
  • Sohi A.S., Mann J.S. and Shenhmar M. (1987b). New records of some Typhlocybines (Homoptera: Cicadellidae : Typhlocybinae ) and additional host / harbouring plants of some known species from India. Entomon., 12 (4):301-303.
  • Thirumalai G. and Prabakaran S. (2014). Checklist of Membracidae from India Biodiversity Portal: indiabiodiversity.org/ document (accessedDec.,2014).
  • Viraktamath C.A. (1981). Indian Macrospinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) 2.Species described by W.L. Distant and descriptions of new species from the Indian sub- continent. Entomol. Scandinavica, 12: 295-310.
  • Viraktamath C.A. (2007). Biodiversity of Leafhoppers (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) of the Indian subcontinent. In: (P.C. Jain and M.C. Bhargava, eds.), Chap. 24, pp. 477-497. Entomology: Novel Approaches, 2007. New India Publishing Agency e-book) www.bookfactoryindia.com.
  • Singh Waryam W., Kotwal D.R. and Singh R. (1991). Evaluation of some contact insecticides for the control of Jassid, Amrasca biguttula biguttula Ishida on Okra. Indian J. Plant Prot., 19 (2): 182- 184.
  • Webb M., Viraktamath C.A and Valerie L. (2015). Indian Leafhoppers and their relatives (Membracoidea) at http://imembracoidea.my species, 2013-04-30.14-55.
  • Yang M., Cao Y. and Zhang Y.L. (2013). Taxonomic study of the Genus Dowarkowska, with new subgenus and new combinations and records for Tautoneura Anufriev (Hemioptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae : Erythroneurini). Zootaxa, 3630 (1): 117-142.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.