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Carbon Sequestration and above Ground Biomass Produced by Bambusa spp. in the Mid Himalayan Region of Uttarakhand, India
Himalayas are world's longest and highest mountain and highly rich in biodiversity. In Uttarakhand state of India, very large area is mountain region and are under great pressure due to human intervention and climate change. For removal of CO2 from the environment, bamboos are efficient biological machines. A study on above ground biomass accumulation and carbon sequestration potential of Bambusa spp was conducted in the mid Himalayan region. Regression study was conducted for the estimation of above ground biomass of Bambusa balcooa, B. nutans and B. tulda. The regression model of above ground biomass on dry weight basis was influenced by all the factors (culm height, girth at 1.0m and 1.5m) in B. balcooa (R2 =87), B. nutans (R2 =99) and B. tulda (R2 =99). Maximum above ground biomass was reported in B. balcooa (53 t ha-1) followed by B. nutans (19.8 t ha-1) and B. tulda (4.9 t ha-1) after four years of plantation in the mid Himalayan region. Carbon sequestration potential of B. balcooa was estimated more than ten times and B. nutans four times as compared to B. tulda. Leaf area index can also be used as an important parameter for the estimation of carbon sequestration of Bambusa spp.
Bambusa balcooa, Bambusa nutans, Bambusa tulda, Carbon Sequestration, LAI, Above Ground Biomass.
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