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Ecological Analysis of Mohan Medicinal Plant Conservation Area (MPCA) in Uttarakhand, India
Tropical forests are the home of large biodiversity and important source for medicinal plants but are susceptible to human and natural disturbances. Its health status monitoring and assessment is important for any conservation measures. This study was done for assessing the biodiversity of the moist deciduous forest in Uttarakhand which had forest fire. The quadrat method based approach was used for ecological analysis. The various analysis methods namely physico-chemical soil analysis, tree and shrub phyto-sociological parameter analysis, and biodiversity indices (namely Shannon-Weaver Index, Simpson index, Species Evenness and Species Richness) were used. The soil quality and ecological indices were compared with data from other Indian Moist deciduous forest, which was collected using the systematic review approach. The results showed better soil nitrogen and organic carbon content as compared to other forest soil indicating faster regeneration potential of the forest. In Mohan MPCA, shrub biodiversity was better as compared to the tree biodiversity. Further, the tree biodiversity indices of Mohan MPCA were relatively poorer and shrub biodiversity indices were relatively better than other Indian moist deciduous forest. The study indicated the relatively poor ecological health of the forest as compared to the other moist deciduous forest. However, existence of good soil fertility and special conservation measures can help in rapidly improving the health of the forest.
Mohan MPCA, Medicinal Plant Conservation Area, India Deciduous Forest, Uttarakhand.
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