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Diversity Status of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) Fungi in Association with Important NTFP Species in Tropical forests of Central India
In the present study, an attempt was made to study the diversity status of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in selected non-timber yielding species in dry tropical forests of Central India. It was found that Glomus spp. was the most frequently available AM fungal species. Maximum percent root colonization was observed in Buchanania lanzan (46.7%) and Madhuca longifolia (40%) and first time reported for the presence AM colonization (vesicles) in these tree species. Colonization results show that all the sites have good diversity of AM fungi, which is a precursor for natural regeneration and seedling survival. Spore numbers showed strongly negative correlation with sand content and electrical conductivity, and a proliferation pattern with an increase in clay content. No clear correlation was seen between spore numbers and organic content, nitrogen and potassium.
AM Fungi, Root Colonization, Soil Properties, Buchanania lanzan, Madhuca longifolia, Sterculia urens.
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