Total views : 165
Subscription or Fee Access
Diversity Status of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) Fungi in Association with Important NTFP Species in Tropical forests of Central India
In the present study, an attempt was made to study the diversity status of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in selected non-timber yielding species in dry tropical forests of Central India. It was found that Glomus spp. was the most frequently available AM fungal species. Maximum percent root colonization was observed in Buchanania lanzan (46.7%) and Madhuca longifolia (40%) and first time reported for the presence AM colonization (vesicles) in these tree species. Colonization results show that all the sites have good diversity of AM fungi, which is a precursor for natural regeneration and seedling survival. Spore numbers showed strongly negative correlation with sand content and electrical conductivity, and a proliferation pattern with an increase in clay content. No clear correlation was seen between spore numbers and organic content, nitrogen and potassium.
AM Fungi, Root Colonization, Soil Properties, Buchanania lanzan, Madhuca longifolia, Sterculia urens.
- Bethlenfalvay G.J., Thomas R.S., Dekessian S., Brown M.S. and Ames R.N. (1988). Mycorrhizae in stressed environments: Effects on plant growth, endophyte development, soil stability and soil water. In: Arid Lands: Today and Tomorrow (EE Whitehead, CF Hutchinson, BN Timmerman, RG Varadi, Eds) Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 1015-1035.
- Black C.A., Evans D.D., White J.L., Ensminger L.E. and Clark F.E. (1965). Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2-Chemical and Microbiological Properties, Second Edition. American Society of Agronomy. Inc. Publisher, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
- Choudhary B.K., Khan M.A. and Saxena K.G. (2010). Mycorrhizal Spore density in relation to Physico-Chemical properties of soil: A case study of Central Himalaya, Environment & We: An International J. Science and Technology, 5: 243-251.
- Devi S. and Bhattacharya P. (2015). Population structure and regeneration study in forest of Barella and Sohagpur, Madhya Pradesh, India, Indian J. Tropical Biodiversity, 23(1): 106-112.
- http://www.zor.zut.edu.pl/Glomeromycota/Classification.html (2014)
- Jackson M.L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of Englewood Clifs, New Jersey, USA.
- Koske R.E. (1987). Distribution of VAM fungi along a latitudinal temperature gradient, Mycologia, 79: 55-68.
- Khakpour O. and Khara J.(2012). Spore density and root colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in some species in the northwest of Iran, Inter. Res. J. Applied and Basic Sciences, 3(5): 977-982.
- Mukerji K.G., Manoharachary C. and Chamola B. (2002). Techniques in mycorrhizal studies. Kluwer Academic Publishers, London-Netherlands, pp. 285-296.
- Nandi R., Mridha M.A.U. and Bhuiyan M.D.K. (2015). Seasonal diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in forest tree species of Chittagong University Campus in Bangladesh, Indian Forester, 141(2): 215-222.
- Naqvi N. (2012). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal biodiversity in forests of Nagpur (Maharashtra), India, Bionano Frontier, 5(2-II): 9-11.
- Olsen S.R., Cole C.V., Watanabe F.S. and Dean L.A.(1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. United States Department Of Agriculture, Washington.
- Phillips J.M. and Hayman D.S. (1970). Improved procedures for clearing roots and staining parasitic and vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 55(1): 158-161.
- Posada R.H., Franco L.A., Ramos C., Plazas J.S., Suarez J.C., Alvarez F. (2008). Effect of physical, chemical and environmental characteristics on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Brachiaria decumbens (Stapf) pastures. J. Applied Microbiology. 132–140pp.
- Porter W.M., Robson A.D. and Abbott L.K. (1987). Field Survey of the Distribution of vesicular- arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in relation to soil pH. J. Applied Ecology, 24: 659-662.
- Rhoades J.D. (1984). Using saline water for irrigation. Scientific review on arid zone research. Scientific publication, Jodhpur, India, 2: 233-264.
- Schenck N.C and Perez Y. (1990). Manual for the Identification of VA mycorrhizal fungi. Third Edition. Synergistic publications, Gainesville, Florida.286 pp.
- Sharma A. and Yadav M. (2013). Isolation and characterization of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza from barley fields of Jaipur district. Inter. J. Agri. Sci. and Research, 3(1): 151-156.
- Smith S.E. and Read D.J. (1997).Mycorrhizal symbiosis, Second Edition. Academic press, San Diego, California, USA.
- Sylvia D.M. (1994). Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. In: Method of soil analysis Part 2 Microbiology and biochemical properties Machison Soil Science Society of American, Wiscosin. pp 351-378.
- Tripathi P. and Khare P.K. (2012). Occurrence of Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Tropical Forest Communities of India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 10(4): 561-571.
- Van der Heijden M.G.A., Klironomos J.N., Ursic M., Moutoglis P., Engel R.S., Boller T., Wiemken A. and Sanders L. (1998). Mycorrhizal fungal diversity determines the plant diversity, ecosystem variability and productivity. Nature, 396: 69-72.
- Verma R.K. and Jamaluddin (1995). Association and activity of arbuscular mycorrhizae of teak (Tectona grandis) in Central India. Indian Forester, 121(6): 533-539.
- There are currently no refbacks.