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Growth and Yield Performance of Wheat (Triticum aestivum) at Different Crop Distance from Tree Base under Populus deltoides Bartr. Ex. Marsh. Based Agri Silviculture System


  • Department of Agroforestry, N.D. University of Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj, Faizabad (U.P.), India
  • C.C.S.H.A.U., Hissar (Haryana), India


Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh, a native of north America is one of the suitable fast growing multi purpose tree species, which has become an important component of agroforestry systems in Punjab, Haryana, some parts of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. The experiment was conducted in Factorial RBD with three wheat varieties, namely NW-1067, NW-1014 and HD-2643 grown in four distance levels from the tree base which replicated five times. The maximum annual tree growth recorded in terms of tree height (1.5 m yr-1) and dbh (1.5 cm yr-1) in clone L-49 and Udai, respectively. The maximum wheat crop height was measured in variety HD-2643 grown at 2m distance, while the maximum number of shoots observed in NW-1067 at 2.0m distance. The highest grain yield has been achieved in variety NW-1067 (22.75 q/ha), when grown at 2.0 m distance from tree base. Generally in open area, higher plant growth and yield were recorded as compared to grown in a poplar based agroforestry system.


Growth, Yield, Wheat Varieties, Populus deltoides Bartr. Ex. Marsh., Agri Silviculture System.

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