Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access
Total views : 127

Studies on Etiology of Decline/Drying in Bael Plants


  • Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Bawal (Rewari), Haryana, India


Studies were undertaken to establish the cause of decline/drying/wilting in bael plants from 2008 to 2014 which included different factors viz., nutritional, physiological, epidemiological, entomological and pathological. Perusal of pooled data of seven years showed that the organic carbon content of soils was low and ranged from 0.12 to 0.20 and 0.11 to 0.19 per cent in soil of diseased and healthy plants, respectively. In general, it decreased with increasing soil depths. The available phosphorus content varied from 6.67 to 9.06 kg ha-1 in soils of healthy plants and 6.67 to 8.63 kg ha-1 in soil of diseased plant and was low at all soil depths. The available copper, manganese and boron were sufficient in all depths of both soils collected from the rhizosphere of healthy and diseased plants. The DTPA extractable zinc was 0.89 ppm in soil of diseased plants and 0.76 ppm in soils of healthy plants at 0-30 cm depth and decreased with soil depth however it was in deficient range at 45-60 cm, 60-90 cm and 90-120 cm depth in soil of diseased plants. The DTPA extractable Fe was found to be deficient in both the samples of soils at 60-90 cm and 90-120 cm depth. The N, P and K content of healthy bael leaves were 1.20, 0.14 and 1.19 per cent where as it was 0.90, 0.08 and 1.02 per cent in leaves of diseased plants. The Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe and B content of leaves of healthy and diseased plants were in sufficient range, however, these content were higher in healthy leaves as compared to diseased leaves. The highest drying in bael trees was recorded during May - June and September - October beyond which incidence reduced gradually. Root borers, Acanthophorus rugiceps (2-3/plant of 115 mm length) were observed during 2011, 2012 and 2014 at a depth of 2 to 3 ft indicating possible association with the drying of plants. Gliocladium catenulatum, G. penicillioides, Rhizoctonia bataticola and Fusarium solani were isolated from roots of diseased plants and the pathogenicity with regard to F. solaniwas proved.


Aegle marmelos, Bael, Fusarium solani, Nutrients, Root Rot.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 1)


  • Anon. (2001). Annual Report, AICRP on Arid Zone Fruits, CIAH, Bikaner, Rajasthan.
  • Anon. (2010). Annual Report, AICRP on Arid Zone Fruits, CIAH Bikaner, Rajasthan.
  • Anon. (2011). Annual Report, AICRP on Arid Zone Fruits, CIAH Bikaner, Rajasthan.
  • Antil R.S., Singh A. and Dahiya S.S. (2002). Collection and processing of soil samples and plant samples. Practical Manual for soil and plant analysis. CCS HAU Publication 71 pp.
  • Beeson C.F.C. (1941). The ecology and control of the forest insects of India and neighbouring countries. Vasant Press, Dehra Dun. 1007 pp.
  • Bilgrami K.S., Jamalludin and Rizwi M.A. (1991). Fungi of India. Today and Tomorrow's Printers and Publishers, New Delhi.
  • Geetha T. and Balagopalan M. (2010). A comparative evaluation of the soil micronutrient status in Eucalypt plantations of different rotation in Kerala. Indian J. Forestry, 33(1): 49-54.
  • Ghaffar A. and Zentmyer G.A. (1968). Rhizoctonia bataticola on some new weed plants in California. Pl. Dis. Reptr., 42: 233.
  • Ghate H.V., Gambhir M. and Rane N. (2003). Report of a large longicorn beetle Acanthophorus serraticornis from Pune, Maharastra. Zoos . Print Journal, 19:1328.
  • John D., Gupta P. and Gupta V. (2006). Etiology and management of guava wilt disease in Allahabad and Kaushambi districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. J. Mycol. and Pl. Pathol., 36: 365-372.
  • Kaushik J.C. and Singh A. (1996). Effect of soil texture and moisture on seedling root rot of Dalbergia sisso and its control. Proc. IUFRO Symposium. pp. 209-216.
  • Kirtikar K.R. and Basu B.D. (1935). Indian medicinal plants, Vol-1 published by L.M. Basu, Allahabad.1918 pp.
  • Korwar S., Pratibha G. and Ravi V. (2009). Influenc of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on growth of Leuceana (Leceana leucocephala L.) and soil purity in semi arid tropics. Indian J. Forestry, 32(4): 513-516.
  • Mehrotra R.S. (1980). Plant Pathology. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi. 771 pp.
  • Mundkur B.B. (1936). Resistance of American cotton to Fusarium wilt in India. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., 3(B): 498-501.
  • Prabhakar M., Prasad Y.G., Rao G.R. and Venkateswarlu B. (2012). A new record of longicorn beetle, Acanthophorus rugiceps from India as a root borer on physic nut, Jatropha curcas, with a description of life stages, biology and seasonal dynamics. J. Insect Science. 12:141.
  • Reddy M.A.R. and Mishra R.S. (1970). Fungicidal soil treatment to control damping off diseases in pines. Indian Forester, 96: 270-275.
  • Sen .S and Gupta V.K. (1994). Effect of some important edaphic factors on the incidence of fusarial wilt of Robinia pseudoacacia L. Indian J. Mycol. and Pl. Pathol., 24: 93-96.
  • Rejzek M., Gillett C.P.D.T., Drumont A. and Gillett M.P. (2005). The distribution and biology of the genus Acanthracocentrus Quentin and Villers, 1983 in the Persian Gulf region. Lambillionea, 105: 353-369.
  • Sharbhoy A.K., Agarwal D.K. and Varshney J.L. (1996). Fungi of India. CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi.
  • Sharma J.K., Manmohan C. and Florence E.J.M. (1985). Disease survey in nurseries and plantations of forest tree species grown in Kerala. KFRI, Peechi.Research Report, 36: 326-327.
  • Shilpkar P., Shah, M.C., Modi, K.R. and Patel, S.M. (2010). Seasonal changes in microbial community structure and nutrients content in rhizospheric soil of Aegle marmelos tree. Ann. For. Res., 53(2): 135-140.
  • Singh A.K., Singh S., Singh R.S., Bagle B.G. and Sharma B.D. (2011). The Bael fruit for dryland. Central Institute for Arid Horticulture, Publication Bikaner, Rajasthan. 46 pp.
  • Singh B. and Sharma K.N. (2012). Depth wise distribution of soil organic content and nutrient under same tree species after seventeen years of plantation. Indian Society of Soil Science, 60(3): 198-203.
  • Singh M.K., Kumar R. and Kumar N. (2009). Influence of nutrient status of soils on mortality of shisham (Dalbergia sisso) in semi arid region of Haryana. Indian J. Forestry, 32(3): 349-355.
  • Singh R.S. (1980). Principles of Plant Pathology. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi. 350 pp.
  • Verma R.K., Tripathee R., Chourasiya S. and Thakur A.K. (2015). Effect of plant growth promoting microbes on bael (Aegle marmelos) seedlings in nursery. Indian Forester, 141(1): 79-82.


  • There are currently no refbacks.